Rodents – Rats, Mice, Vermin
Relaxing at home when you suddenly see something small dart behind a cupboard? Trying to sleep but something’s persistently scratching in the wall? Go to get your favourite snack from the pantry only to find a hole gnawed through the box and mouse droppings? Yes you’re sharing your home with mice or rats (rodents).
It does not matter which of the above you prefer to label the disease carrying pest that scurries across your floor in the night. All of this species, including common rats and mice in Melbourne are in fact from the same family of Vermin, commonly known as Rodents and most people just want to get rid of them.
At EPC – Enviro Pest Control we are rat and mouse control experts who can solve any rodent problem you are experiencing. No matter how big or small your rat or mouse infestation is at home or in a commercial setting such as factory, market, hotel, restaurant, office, café or any other area, we can remove them for you.
Rat and Mouse Removal in Melbourne
Australia has more than 60 native rodent species and three introduced pest species.
Rats & mice are in fact both from the same family of Vermin, commonly known as Rodents. Because of their small size, short breeding cycle and ability to eat a variety of foods, rodents are the second most successful mammal on the planet, coming second only to humans!
At EPC – Enviro Pest Control, we are the rodent experts in Melbourne or the rat and mouse control experts who can solve any rodent problem you are experiencing.
No matter how big or small your rat or mouse infestation is, at home or in a commercial setting such as a factory, market, hotel, restaurant, office, café or any other area, we can remove them for you.
The most common pest rodent species in Melbourne that EPC encounter are the:
- House Mouse
- Roof Rat
- Norway Rat
- House Mouse (Mus musculus)
Not restricted to houses or building. They are found throughout Victoria and have adapted to a wide range of environmental conditions.
- Light brown to dark grey on the body, with a light cream belly.
- Adults have a body length of about 75 mm and weigh up to 30g
- The tail is about as long as the body and is almost hairless
- In relation to their body, the ears are large and the eyes and feet are small
- The long whiskers or vibrissae are very sensitive and are used as sensors when moving about in the dark
- Mice have prominent incisor teeth that grow continuously: the length of the teeth is controlled by gnawing. Material may be gnawed yet not tasted or swallowed, so it is difficult to devise a repellent coating against mice
- The house mouse is distinguished from Australian native mice by:
- Its teeth. The house mouse has a well-marked notch or ledge behind the tip of the upper incisors into which the lower teeth fit. Native species have smooth chisel edges
- The number of nipples on the female. Native species have only four teats whereas the house mouse has at least one additional pair of thoracic or chest nipples
- Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) – also known as the common rat, sewer rat or brown rat
Over the years EPC – Enviro Pest Control has found Norway rats commonly nesting in the city near bins and buildings. The Norway rat will gnaw every day on almost any material to avoid their teeth growing as this will become uncomfortable for them.
- Usually dark grey to brown in colour with their belly often a light grey or brown colour, but can be albino or jet black
- They have a blue perception which allows them to see ultraviolet lights that other species are unable to see. Norway Rats rely on their hearing, sense of smell taste and touch
- Known to burrow deep in the ground away from predators and will usually burrow near a structure wall or objects
- Roof rat (Rattus Rattus)
Also known as the black rat, ship rat or European black rat, this rat was probably introduced to Sydney with the First fleet. As the name suggest roof rats are commonly found in roofs, it’s been EPC’s experience throughout Melbourne to find these species of rodent in buildings, schools, childcare, factory’s etc….
- Although also known as the black rat, it is usually brown or grey with a long pointed head, large thin ears charcoal grey to black or light brown above, cream or white below or the belly
- A distinctive characteristic of rats that help distinguish them from similar sized carnivorous marsupials is their front teeth. EPC Enviro Pest Control would not recommend that you try to investigate this, but they will have a pair of chisel shaped incisors with hard yellow enamel on their front surfaces
- Roof rats are nocturnal however they are often seen during the day
At EPC – Enviro Pest Control we are rat and mouse control experts who can solve any rodent problem you are experiencing. No matter how big or small your rat or mouse infestation is, at home or in a commercial setting such as a factory, market, hotel, restaurant, office, café or any other area, we can remove them for you.
Disease and Contamination
Rats and mice infest our homes, schools, restaurants, factories and anywhere they see fit. It is common knowledge that rodents are known carriers of many diseases. They are renowned for their uncanny ability to swiftly locate a suitable environment to inhabit and promptly infest. Rats and mice will always ensure their nest is within close proximity to a good food source, which is no effort, due to their non-fussy eating preferences. Mice nibble and rats have ferocious appetites. Rats can eat just under half their body weight per day!
Both rats and mice can contaminate our food, homes and businesses with faeces, urine and hair. In one year a single mouse will produce approximately 18,000 faecal droppings. They carry fleas, mites and even ticks. Mice will store food which can then lead to insect infestations. They can cause damage to property by gnawing through containers, wood, insulation and wiring. Domestic and commercial property damage can escalate into hundreds and thousands of dollars.
Breeding and Life Cycle
Rodents can and will breed throughout the year if conditions are suitable. Female rodents can breed throughout the year and may produce well over thousands of babies in just a six-month period.
- The House Mouse
- Has a life span of approximately 12 months
- The female house mouse is sexually mature at 6 weeks old and ready to start producing pups of her own
- Their gestation period is only 19–21 days, and they give birth to a litter of up to 14 young
- This quick maturation process gives mice immense breeding capabilities. Living indoors enhances these capabilities, since they can then breed all year long. One female can have 6 to 10 litters per year
- The Norway Rat
- Life span is usually between 9-12 months
- Females can have 5-6 litters per year, and average 8-12 pups per litter
- Their gestation period is only 21 days
- They reach sexual maturity in about five weeks
- The Roof Rat
- Life span is usually 9-12 months
- Females can have 4-5 litters per year with an average 6-8 pups per litter
- Their gestation period is 21 days
- Sexual maturity is reached at 3-4 months
It’s easy to see that rats and mice, if left untreated, can quickly multiply into not just an unmanageable infestation but also a significant risk for the health and safety of all humans and domestic pets who co-inhabit the same area.
Signs of Rodent infestation
The most obvious sign of the presence of rats or mice would of course be locating a living or dead rodent. Another tell-tale sign that you may need a rat or mouse removal service is the presence of droppings, which are commonly found along the edges of a room or along rat or mouse tracks or common paths of access.
Rats and mice can live and nest within buildings indefinitely, provided they have access to food and water. They are most active at night.
The following tell-tale signs all indicate rodent activity and that you may need a rat or mouse removal service:
- Droppings: found near shelters or nests, feeding areas, along the edges of a room or along rat or mouse tracks or common paths of access. The presence of rats or mouse droppings indicate a healthy, feeding rodent population
- Noise: scratching, fighting, squeaking, clawing and gnawing often heard during the night in walls, cupboards, ceilings and under floors
- Gnawing: rodents gnaw a wide variety of material including woodwork, electrical cables, new plumbing pipes and food containers
- Travel paths: greasy markings found on surfaces in continual contact with dirty rodent fur
- Burrows: found in creek banks, along walls, under buildings, in stacked materials and in roof insulation
Rats and mice prefer to hide and remain out of sight, so if one is seen out in the open in plain view this does not bode well for the home/business owner. This is a clear sign that they have massively overpopulated their nest and are now being forced out into the open. IT IS NOW TOO LATE! You will probably need a rodent controller to help eradicate them. If you have a Rodent Infestation Contact EPC – ENVIRO PEST CONTROL NOW!
Fun Facts about Rodents
- Rodents such as rats and mice actually have very poor vision
- Their sense of smell however is quite acute and not to mention selective. Their sense of smell registers not only average scents, but also the presence of chemicals that denote a change in atmosphere or emotion. Rodents breathe first through their noses. Air then passes past a patch of skin rich with smell receptors and olfactory neurons, which are tipped with hair-like bristles. Smell particles, also known as odorants, bind to the hair-like bristles, triggering a neural response
- In perfect conditions a nest of mice can produce 2,500 offspring in a six month period
- Rats take care of their buddies and spend hours a day grooming each other
- While mice are curious about new things in their territory and will investigate them, rats are just the opposite. Rats are wary and afraid of new things. We refer to them as “neophobic,” which means they have a fear of new objects
Why chose EPC – Enviro Pest Control?
At EPC – Enviro Pest Control, we can offer you a fast and safe rat and mouse removal service in Melbourne that will put an end to your commercial or domestic rodent problem. Pass on the hassle of spending your time and effort in controlling the rats and mice and let the professionals take care of it all in no time.
EPC – Enviro Pest Control has many years of experience identifying and solving rat and mouse issues for our clients and can also offer advice on how to prevent future infestations from occurring.
For commercial clients we understand a reliable, discreet pest control service is important to your business. Our staff are highly trained and licensed professionals. EPC – Enviro Pest Control Pty Ltd is also registered under the Victorian Department of Health. We understand and comply with all industry rules and regulations in relation to any commercial property you are responsible for.
- EPC – Enviro Pest Control staff are Trained Specialists and are experienced at getting rid of rodents and understand the importance of a fast, efficient solution
- EPC – Enviro Pest Control uses chemicals that are HACCP compliant
- EPC – Enviro Pest Control staff are discreet, friendly and professionally presented
- We arrive on time
- Fairly priced service with advice to help prevent flies coming back
- EPC – Enviro Pest Control’s pest control services including rodent treatments are effective
If you need to speak to a professional about Rat or Mice Treatments in Melbourne, call 03 9988 5066 now.
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